|When||May 19, 2016|
|Where||Auditorium 2 (1F), Agora, Mattilanniemi 2|
|Contact Name||Ulla Richardson|
prof. Usha Goswami: Phonology and dyslexia: A sensory/neural perspective, Agora Auditorium 2
Usha Goswami: Professor of Cognitive Developmental Neuroscience at Cambridge university; Director, Centre for Neuroscience in Education, Fellow, St John's College, Cambridge. The research group led by prof. Usha Goswami, Centre for Neuroscience in Education, Cambridge, is a world leader in combining cognitive neuroscience with education with special emphasis on risk factors for development of reading and language. The Centre for Neuroscience in Education uses EEG and fNIRS to explore the developing brain. Key research projects include the neural basis of developmental dyslexia, the neural basis of speech and language impairments, and the neural basis of rhythmic motor behaviour. Funding comes from the MRC, EU Framework VI, the ESRC and The Leverhulme Trust. Abstract of the talk: Research with dyslexic children suggests that sensitivity to metrical (rhythmic) structure is key to developing good phonological skills. Children with dyslexia are insensitive to metrical rhythm and individual differences in beat-related tasks are strong predictors of phonological development. Sensitivity to rhythmic (metrical) structure is related to basic auditory processing of the amplitude modulation structure of speech, and neural encoding of the amplitude modulation structure is enabled by rhythmic oscillatory entrainment. Using recent insights from auditory neuroscience, I will provide an overview of key factors in the development of language and phonology. I aim to show how an oscillatory "temporal sampling" neural framework for linking auditory processing to phonological development may be useful in explaining the phonological deficit that characterises developmental dyslexia.